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Climate

Palm shells have a very beneficial CO2 balance. The natural life cycle of palm shells is about 1 year from pollination to ripe fruit that falls to the ground and decaying or becoming a new palm. When the fruit grows CO2 is consumed and oxygen (O2) is produced. When the fruit rot and perish the same amount of CO2 is released and the same amount of oxygen (O2) is consumed. In one year the CO2 account returns to zero. When the oil is consumed and the shells are burned the degradation is nothing more than put into a fixed scheme. In some cases the time between the palm fruit grows and decays will be even longer when burning the shells than nature's own circuit.

Only transport contributes negatively to the CO2 balance. However, transport by large product tankers that sail directly to the heating plants or power plants reduce the CO2 contribution to a modest level per tonne. A challenge, however, is to reduce the shipping sector's CO2 emission. How-ever, what comes as purprise for most people is that sea transport is up to 100 times more CO2 efficient compared to transportation by truck. 100 km by truck might respond to up to 10,000 km by ship.

Palm Shells
The greenhouse effect creates extreme weather and temperature increases that some places radically change the conditions of life.

Palm Shells
The smoke rises into the atmosphere and toxic substances fall to the ground as toxic rain.

Palm Shells
Toxic rain makes the soil barren and toxic.

Palm Shells
The forest dies of toxic rain.

Palm Shells
Where should the monkey stay?

Pollution

Palm shells have a very low sulfur content. SO2 is the major contributor to acid rain. Palm shells have a sulfur content of about 0.02 to 0.03 %, which is lower than the Danish limit value for SO2 tax at 0.05 %.

Palm shells have a very low content of nitrogen at around 0.11 to 0.36 % and therefore the burning will cause very modest emission of nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen trioxide. NOx spread by the smoke contribute to toxic air and rain.

Palm shells have a low ash content of approx. 3 %. The ash contains no toxic heavy metals or other environmental pollutants. The ash can be exploited to include cement production and as a substrate in the construction of roads.

The use of palm shells as fuel is a sure way to reduce acid rain and pollution.

Ecosystems

Palm shells are a waste product from the production of palm oil, particularly palm kernel oil. Palm kernel shells require no special processing to be used as biofuel. Due to the modest sizes palm kernel shells from oil palm fed directly into existing fuel boilers.

In the western and southwestern Africa palm plantations are mostly small family-owned farms that have existed for generations. In Southeast Asia produced palm oil to a greater extent in the industrialized plantations of fast-growing palm trees.

Palm shells represent only a very small proportion of the total biomass in palm plantations. Oil and coconut palms are typically at least 30-50 years before they are harvested, overall making the impact on the natural circuit very limited. And the effect is in fact only that about 1 % of the biomass is transported to another place where it is decomposed during combustion.

Palmshells.com is very much aware of the problems with the global ecological circuit related to the production of palm oil and palm kernel shells and selects only suppliers who produce with respect for the environment. The good story is that slow-growing palm trees - which is not that profitable for industrial palm oil production - has the palm shells with the highest calorific value. Utilization of palm kernel shells as biofuels will - ceteris paribus - favors palm plantations with high level of sustainability.